Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
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Who is Vulnerable to COPD?

The symptoms of COPD can be well controlled with quality health care and a healthy environment. However, smoking, living in areas with poor air quality, and lack of regular medical care contribute to an increase in COPD symptoms and hospitalizations rates.

Other non-environmental risk factors include asthma, smoking, and prior respiratory infections. A current asthma diagnosis has been found to be the most significant risk factor for COPD, higher than cigarette smoking.

Different segments of the population bear a disproportionate burden of COPD.