Maternal and Infant Health (MIH)
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Preventing Poor Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes

Besides smoking cessation, access to nutritious food and medical services have been repeatedly observed to result in lower rates of prematurity and reduced fetal growth. A variety of services -- related to health, nutrition, and social support -- are typically accessed by pregnant women as part of their health care, so it is uncertain which services are primarily responsible for health benefits, and the degree to which the benefits observed from these services may be due to confounding by social class or personal resources.